USC Keck School of Medicine, California, USA
Before 2010, Assistant Professor of Clinical Anesthesiology Catherine Rodziewicz had never operated a human patient simulator. But Dr. Rodziewicz had to quickly adopt simulation training when the American Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) revised the program requirements for Anesthesiology. New requirements by the ACGME mandate residents to participate in at least one simulated clinical experience a year. As a result, Dr. Rodziewicz’s Department Chair at the University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine asked her to incorporate high fidelity simulation into her teaching.
Mount Sinai School of Medicine HELPS Center New York City, USA
The confrontational surgeon, the harried nurse and the headstrong resident are not part of most formal simulation scenarios. Yet one or all of them participate in mission-critical simulations at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine HELPS (Human Emulation, Education and Evaluation Lab for Patient Safety) Center in New York City. Dr. Adam Levine, director of the HELPS center, says the beauty of these improvised characters is they can enter the scenario at the most inopportune moment to unnerve the participants, distract with a question or disrupt with a potentially fatal error.
Hamamatsu University School of Medicine Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan
The Hamamatsu University School of Medicine in Japan was one of the earliest adopters of high-fidelity patient simulation in the mid-1990s. In 2012, the university opened its new patient simulation center for medical students, residents, nurses and paramedics. Dr. Koji Morita, assistant professor and vice director at the university, oversees the simulation center.